After the children of Israel decided to accept the law, God began to instruct them on how to deal with each other. He gives them the civil law to instill fairness amongst all of the people. Most of the laws deal with how a person is to be compensated if property damage occurs or how repayment if someone wrongs another. He even forbids them from treating foreigners negatively. After the civil laws is received the judges of the people were warned about being fair and remaining integral. The system was built upon the idea that upholding the law and judging by the law was the correct thing to do, no matter the situation. No bribes or pity should stop one from judging fairly. He assigns them a rest year and a rest day every 6 of them respectively. He promises that if they follow his Messenger and his commands that they would see victory in all that they did. The system he had established would allow the entire nation to hear his words and live a life that would be prosperous and successful. He warns them as well, telling them not to serve the gods of others as it would be a trap for them. The people declared that they would serve him and do the things that he required of them. They were destined to receive his commands and learn his ways using the proper spiritual protocol. God would speak to the leader who would then teach that information to a plethora of judges. The judges had the task of settling disputes amongst the people using Gods laws. The entire nation would receive Gods instructions and they would live righteously. He called Moshe to the top of the mountain to receive instruction while the rest of the nation awaited his return to learn what God had planned for them.
Devar TORAH: Mishpatim (Judgments)
Scripture: Shemoth 21:1-24:18
Mishkan David: (enter into) the Holy of Holies
I call them laws, rules. In Hebrew they are called judgments. I looked up the word judgment. It means 1. -A decision given by a judge (a person who has enough knowledge to give an opinion on something) or a law court; 2. Being able to decide what is right, good, practical, etc,; 3. Good sense; judicial, careful in forming opinions or making decisions; 4. Fair.
These are the judgments given to AM ISRAEL after having received the Ten Commandments, and they were assigned to decide what is right, good, practical, etc. Please read: Shemot 21:1-32 (civil legislation); 21:33-22:14 (offenses against property); 22:15-23:32 (moral offenses, [this includes the Sabbath and three pilgrimage laws, vs. 14-19]).
For ratification of the covenant – Shemot 24:1: “And unto Moses He (Echad) said.” We must have enough knowledge of these laws (including what we call the Ten Commandments) to give the truth to others that they/we may know/keep/instruct what TORAH gives us.
Again I go to Isaiah 30:19-22. My Teacher, Rebbe Moshe ben Avraham, gives instructions on these judgments, and teaches us, “This is the path – walk in it.” It is up to me to hear, receive, meditate and do these instructions.
Shemot 24:1-4 (v. 3 emphasis) The people heard what Moses told them Echad said and without hesitation, and/or proof, they agreed to do what Echad had said to do.
WE MUST HEAR!!! WE MUST RECEIVE!!! WE MUST DO!!! what our Teacher tells us, for “this is the path.”
The TORAH says they said with “ONE VOICE.” UNITY is brought about through, by, from listening, receiving, obeying and walking in the path the Teacher has taught/is teaching/showing (me) us in order to enter the Holy of Holies and bring others into the knowledge of this truth. BARUCH HASHEM – AM ISRAEL!!!